What is the treatment for hydrocephalus in the child?

How long can a child live with hydrocephalus?

What is the life expectancy of a child who has hydrocephalus? Children often have a full life span if hydrocephalus is caught early and treated. Infants who undergo surgical treatment to reduce the excess fluid in the brain and survive to age 1 will not have a shortened life expectancy due to hydrocephalus.

Can hydrocephalus be treated without surgery?

There is currently no definitive cure. Most patients are managed by shunting using a silicone tube and valve system, where CSF is diverted from the cerebral ventricles to another body site [3].

How does a child get hydrocephalus?

Cause of Hydrocephalus

Older children or adults with an abnormal growth in the head (tumor) or a head injury can develop hydrocephalus. Hydrocephalus has two base causes: the bloodstream is not fully absorbing the fluid due to a damaged filter in the brain and / or the flow of fluid within the ventricles is blocked.

What will happen if hydrocephalus is not treated?

Without treatment, hydrocephalus results in compromised mental functioning, visual disturbances, walking difficulty, incontinence, and reduced conscious state.

Can you live a normal life with a shunt?

Overview. Many people with normal pressure hydrocephalus enjoy a normal life with the help of a shunt. Regular, ongoing checkups with the neurosurgeon will help ensure that your shunt is working correctly, your progress is on track, and you are free to keep living the way you want.

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Is shunt surgery painful?

During VP shunt surgery, the doctor placed two small tubes (catheters) and a valve under your skin. After surgery, your neck or belly may feel tender. You will probably feel tired, but you should not have much pain.

How long does a shunt last?

Shunting is successful in reducing pressure in the brain in most people. VP shunts are likely to require replacement after several years, especially in small children. The average lifespan of an infant’s shunt is two years. Adults and children over the age of 2 may not need a shunt replacement for eight or more years.

Is hydrocephalus a birth defect?

Hydrocephalus is one of the most common “birth defects” affecting more than 10,000 babies each year. One out of every 500 newborns has hydrocephalus.

What kinds of problems do children with hydrocephalus have?

What are the symptoms of hydrocephalus in a child?

  • A full or bulging soft spot on the top of your baby’s head (fontanel)
  • Increasing head size (circumference)
  • Seizures.
  • Bulging eyes and not being able to look up when facing forward.
  • Visible scalp veins.
  • Irritability.
  • High-pitched cry.
  • Poor feeding.