What is congenital syphilis in newborns?

What happens if a baby is born with syphilis?

Approximately 40% of babies born to women with untreated syphilis can be stillborn or die from the infection as a newborn. Babies born with congenital syphilis can have bone damage, severe anemia, enlarged liver and spleen, jaundice, nerve problems causing blindness or deafness, meningitis, or skin rashes.

How does a child get congenital syphilis?

Congenital syphilis is caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum, which is passed from mother to child during fetal development or at birth. Up to half of all babies infected with syphilis while they are in the womb die shortly before or after birth.

Can a baby survive congenital syphilis?

Congenital syphilis is the disease that occurs when a mother with syphilis passes the infection on to her baby during pregnancy. Babies born to women with untreated syphilis may be stillborn (a baby born dead) or die from the infection as a newborn.

Can a baby born with syphilis be cured?

For some babies, congenital syphilis can be completely cured. For others, they may need treatment for health conditions caused by the infection. If your baby has congenital syphilis, it’s important that she gets treatment right away to help prevent complications.

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Who is at risk for congenital syphilis?

Congenital syphilis occurs when a mother’s syphilis goes untreated during pregnancy and is passed to the baby through the placenta. A baby can also become infected with syphilis during labor or delivery. The risk of infecting the baby is greatest when the mother is in the early stages of syphilis.

How is congenital syphilis diagnosed?

A confirmed case of congenital syphilis is an infant in whom Treponema pallidum is identified by darkfield microscopy, fluorescent antibody, or other specific stains in specimens from lesions, placenta, umbilical cord or autopsy material.

Can a baby get syphilis from breastfeeding?

You may need to wait 12 to 24 hours after taking the medicine to breastfeed. If you have syphilis or herpes, you can breastfeed as long as your baby or pumping equipment does not touch a sore. It is possible to spread syphilis or herpes to any part of your breast, including your nipple and areola.

What does syphilis look like on a baby?

Early congenital syphilis begins during the first 3 months of life. Large blisters or a flat copper-colored rash may develop on palms and soles. Raised bumps may develop around the nose and mouth and in the diaper area. Newborns may not grow well.

What is the treatment of syphilis during pregnancy?

The current standard of care for the treatment of syphilis acquired during pregnancy is benzathine penicillin G, as a single intramuscular injection of 2.4 million units. Benzathine penicillin G treatment is highly effective.

What happens if a baby is born with a STD?

Untreated infants have a high risk of complications involving multiple organs. Gonorrhea. Untreated gonorrhea during pregnancy has been linked to premature birth, premature rupture of the membranes and low birth weight. Gonorrhea can be passed to the baby during vaginal delivery.

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