Do infantile spasms happen during sleep?
Though there is almost always a cluster of spasms in the morning when the child awakens from sleep, infantile spasms can occur at any time during the day or night.
How do I know if my baby has infantile spasms?
Symptoms of Infantile Spasms (IS)
Stiffen their legs or “tuck them into the belly,” as if having stomach pain. Suddenly bend at the waist. Drop or bob their heads briefly. Roll their eyes back suddenly with subtle head nodding.
What can be mistaken for infantile spasms?
Infantile spasms are caused by a condition in a baby’s brain and include repetitive, but often subtle movements—such as jerking of the mid-section, dropping of the head, raising of the arms or wide-eyed blinks. IS can be misdiagnosed as colic, reflux, or a startle reflex.
What age do infantile spasms start?
Most infants with infantile spasms develop a pattern of movements called spasms, sometimes also referred to as epileptic spasms. The most common age for these spasms to begin is between 3 and 6 months of age. They can begin earlier than 3 months and sometimes begin after 12 months of age.
Do babies grow out of infantile spasms?
Infantile spasms usually stop by age five, but may be replaced by other seizure types. Many underlying disorders, such as birth injury, metabolic disorders, and genetic disorders can give rise to IS, making it important to identify the underlying cause.
Can a newborn have infantile spasms?
Infantile spasms most often begin between 4 and 7 months, but can start any time in the first few years of life. Later onset spasms may also occur but are rare.
Why do babies get infantile spasms?
Infantile spasms (also called West syndrome) can be caused by problems with the way the brain developed in the womb, infections, brain injury, or abnormal blood vessels in the brain (such as an arteriovenous malformations). Infantile spasms also can happen in babies with some types of metabolic and genetic disorders.
Can infantile spasms be normal?
However, children with cryptogenic infantile spasms or infantile spasms that is due to remediable etiologies, such as focal cortical dysplasia, may have a normal or near normal developmental outcome if seizures are controlled.
Are infantile spasms always clusters?
In 9 out of 10 children with the condition, infantile spasms happen in the first year of life, typically between 3 and 8 months of age. To begin with, the spasms are usually infrequent and do not happen in clusters. Therefore it is quite common for the diagnosis to be made quite late.