How common is hearing loss in newborns?
Up to 3 in 1,000 babies (less than 1 percent) are born with some kind of hearing loss in the United States each year. When a baby is born with hearing loss, it’s called congenital hearing loss.
What can cause deafness in newborns?
Causes of hearing loss in newborns include:
- infections, such as rubella or herpes simplex virus.
- premature birth.
- low birth weight.
- birth injuries.
- drug and alcohol use while pregnant.
- jaundice and Rh factor problems.
- maternal diabetes.
- high blood pressure while pregnant, called preeclampsia.
Is it normal for newborn to not pass hearing?
In fact, most babies who do not pass the newborn screening have typical hearing. But to be sure, it is extremely important to have further testing done. About 1 or 2 in every 100 babies will not pass the initial hearing screening at birth and will need tests with an audiologist who has experience working with babies.
Which is the leading cause of hearing impairment in newborns?
Infections. Many different infections are known to cause hearing loss, but of biggest concern to newborn babies is cytomegalovirus (CMV). It is the most common non-inherited cause of hearing loss in children, research indicates. If a pregnant woman has CMV, the virus can be passed from mother to infant.
Do babies with hearing loss cry?
Even if you baby does have a mild hearing loss, they will still be able to hear most or all the sounds in their own voice when they cry or babble.
Can you damage a newborn’s hearing?
Key points about noise-induced hearing loss
Your child’s inner ears may be damaged if he or she is around extremely loud noises or around loud noises for long periods of time. Noise-induced hearing loss is gradual and painless. Once the hearing nerve is destroyed, it is permanent.
How long can fluid stay in newborn ears?
The conditions that newborn babies are screened for varies by state.. This usually goes away after a short time, but it can persist for 4-6 months and may necessitate a procedure to drain the fluid from the ears.
Can hearing loss be cured in babies?
The good news is that hearing problems can be treated with ear surgery or medication. If diagnosed early, ideally by the time the baby is 3 months old it can be treated.
Is newborn hearing test mandatory?
The newborn hearing test is highly recommended, but it’s not compulsory.
How accurate is newborn hearing screening?
Although the test is relatively accurate, it sometimes fails to detect hearing impairments. This is known as a “false negative” test result. Sometimes newborns with normal hearing get a wrong diagnosis after having an OAE test: Although they can hear well, they are mistakenly diagnosed as being hard of hearing.
How can I test my newborn’s hearing at home?
Sit your newborn someplace where you can clap your hands behind his head. A loud clap coming outside of the infant’s view should startle him. If he reacts with a small jump or cry when you clap, his hearing is fine. Repeat the test a few times if necessary.