What causes toxoplasmosis in pregnancy?
Toxoplasmosis (tok-so-plaz-MOE-sis) is a disease that results from infection with the Toxoplasma gondii parasite, one of the world’s most common parasites. Infection usually occurs by eating undercooked contaminated meat, exposure from infected cat feces, or mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy.
How common is it to get toxoplasmosis while pregnant?
Around 65% to 85% of people who are pregnant in the United States have a chance of getting toxoplasmosis.
How easy is it to get toxoplasmosis?
You can catch it from contaminated meat that’s raw or not thoroughly cooked. You can also get toxoplasmosis by drinking contaminated water. In rare cases, toxoplasmosis may be transmitted through a blood transfusion or a transplanted organ. The parasite can also exist in feces.
What birth defects are caused by toxoplasmosis?
Toxoplasmosis can cause problems during pregnancy, including miscarriage, preterm birth or stillbirth. Most babies born with toxoplasmosis have no symptoms. Symptoms can include eye infections, swollen glands, liver or spleen, or jaundice.
Can toxoplasmosis be cured?
Many congenital toxoplasmosis cases can be cured with medications. Even children who had severe infections at birth may never show signs of severe long-term damage if they are diagnosed and treated early. Delays in diagnosis and treatment can contribute to a poor prognosis.
Can a pregnant woman be tested for toxoplasmosis?
Amniocentesis. In this procedure, which may be done safely after 15 weeks of pregnancy, your doctor uses a fine needle to remove a small amount of fluid from the fluid-filled sac that surrounds the fetus (amniotic sac). Tests are then performed on the fluid to check for evidence of toxoplasmosis.
How is toxoplasmosis prevented?
To reduce risk of toxoplasmosis from the environment:
- Avoid drinking untreated water.
- Wear gloves when gardening and during any contact with soil or sand because it might be contaminated with cat feces that contain Toxoplasma. …
- Teach children the importance of washing hands to prevent infection.
What happens if you get toxoplasmosis while pregnant?
But if you get toxoplasmosis for the first time while you’re pregnant, or a few months before you conceive, there’s a small risk the infection could cause: miscarriage. stillbirth. birth defects or problems after the baby is born – this is very rare.
Is toxoplasmosis curable during pregnancy?
The Toxoplasma infection can be treated during pregnancy with antibiotic medication. The earlier the infection is identified and treated, the greater the chance of preventing infection of the unborn child. If the child has already been infected, treatment can make the disease less severe.
Can a baby get toxoplasmosis?
Toxoplasmosis infection can be passed to a developing baby if the mother becomes infected while pregnant. The infection spreads to the developing baby across the placenta. Most of the time, the infection is mild in the mother. The woman may not be aware she has the parasite.