How are seizures treated during pregnancy?

What to do if a pregnant woman has a seizure?

Report the seizure promptly to your health care provider. He or she might adjust your medication. If you have a seizure in the last few months of your pregnancy, your health care provider will monitor your baby at the hospital or clinic.

Can I take seizure medication while pregnant?

Most of the seizure medications can be used safely, though some carry increased specific risks. Moreover, research from the NEAD study (Neurodevelopmental Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs) found that children of women taking valproic acid during pregnancy had children with lower IQ and and increased risk of autism.

What is the safest antiepileptic drug in pregnancy?

A review of the risks of major congenital malformations and of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes for antiepileptic drugs by the Commission on Human Medicines has confirmed that lamotrigine (Lamictal) and levetiracetam (Keppra) are the safer of the medicines reviewed during pregnancy.

What happens if your pregnant and have a seizure?

Once you become pregnant, it will be even more important to control your seizures. Having seizures during pregnancy can affect the health of your baby. You might fall, or the baby may be deprived of oxygen during the seizure, which can injure the baby and increase your risk of miscarriage or stillbirth.

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Can having a seizure while pregnant hurt the baby?

You may need to adjust your dosage or switch to a new drug, but you probably won’t need to stop medication altogether. Some epilepsy drugs are less often recommended for pregnant women because they can cause developmental problems or birth defects, like cleft lip or spina bifida.

What are the complications of epilepsy in pregnancy?

Studies have observed that women with epilepsy have a higher risk of preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, bleeding in pregnancy, caesarean delivery (CD), excessive bleeding postpartum, preterm birth, and small for gestational age.

Is my fetus having a seizure?

Abnormal forceful, jerky, and periodic fetal movement can be associated with a fetal seizure. The seizures occur repeatedly, usually involving the whole fetal body, and at a frequency that varies from two movements/second in clonic convulsions to several times/minute in lightening convulsions (2, 3).

Can seizures be cured?

Is there a cure for epilepsy? There’s no cure for epilepsy, but early treatment can make a big difference. Uncontrolled or prolonged seizures can lead to brain damage. Epilepsy also raises the risk of sudden unexplained death.

How is eclampsia treated?

The drug of choice to treat and prevent eclampsia is magnesium sulfate. Familiarity with second-line medications phenytoin and diazepam/lorazepam is required for cases in which magnesium sulfate may be contraindicated (eg, myasthenia gravis) or ineffective.

Can stress cause seizures?

Emotional stress also can lead to seizures. Emotional stress is usually related to a situation or event that has personal meaning to you. It may be a situation in which you feel a loss of control. In particular, the kind of emotional stress that leads to most seizures is worry or fear.

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Can preeclampsia cause seizures?

Eclampsia is pregnancy-related seizure activity that is caused by severe preeclampsia. Less than 1% of women who have preeclampsia experience seizures. Eclampsia is life-threatening for both a mother and her fetus. During a seizure, the oxygen supply to the fetus is drastically reduced.