Can anemia during pregnancy affect the baby?
Anemia may cause your baby to not grow to a healthy weight. Your baby may also arrive early (preterm birth) or have a low birth weight. Anemia is usually found during a routine blood test for hemoglobin or hematocrit levels. Treatment depends on the type of anemia and how bad it is.
What is considered low iron in pregnancy?
A hemoglobin (Hb) 11 g/dL or hematocrit of <33% can be considered for diagnosis of anemia in pregnancy. Iron deficiency anemia is characterized by low mean corpuscular volume (MCV), low mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and low ferritin levels.
How does iron affect fetal development?
Iron is critical for rapidly developing and proliferating cells. During fetal development, iron plays a profound role in organ development, particularly the brain. Evidence suggests that iron is of particular importance to the hippocampus which is rapidly developing during the late stages of gestation .
Can low iron cause miscarriage?
Around 35 percent of expectant mothers may be at risk of pregnancy complications – such as miscarriage or preterm birth – as a result of iron deficiency.
How can I raise my iron levels quickly?
Choose iron-rich foods
- Red meat, pork and poultry.
- Dark green leafy vegetables, such as spinach.
- Dried fruit, such as raisins and apricots.
- Iron-fortified cereals, breads and pastas.
How long does it take to get iron levels up?
It may take six months to one year for your body to restock its iron stores. Your iron levels will be regularly reviewed with blood tests. If you have an underlying problem that is causing your iron deficiency, it is very important that the cause is investigated.
What should a pregnant woman’s iron level be?
That’s why pregnant women are recommended to have a hemoglobin level of 12-16g/DL and any value below 12 is considered as iron deficiency and below 10.5 as anemia.
Are iron infusions safe during pregnancy?
Published evidence reports that intravenous iron is safe and effective in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Intravenous iron is the preferred route when there is oral iron intolerance or in those situations where oral iron is ineffective or harmful.